All Russian nouns are attributed to one of the three genders:

  1. Masculine (M)
  2. Feminine (F)
  3. Neuter (N)

You will be glad to know that the gender of the majority of the Russian nouns one can tell from the ending of the dictionary from (Nominative Case).

The gender of nouns is mostly a formal thing. Now you will learn how to determine the gender of a noun.

1. Nouns ending in consonants and –й are  Masculine:

дом – house друг – friend иузей – musuem
человек – man город – city Китай – China

2. Nouns ending –а, –я, –ья, –ия are Feminine:

мама – mama неделя – week статья – article
машина – car Волга – Volga фамилия – surname

3. Nouns ending in-о, –е, –ье, –ие are Neuter:

место – seat купе – compartment телевидение – TV
море – sea здание – building здоровье – health
здоровье

But things are never that simple in languages: irrespective of the Feminineа, –я ending a small group of nouns denoting males has Masculine gender agreement (so called «Natural Masculines»):

папа – father, dad дедушка – grandfather
мужчина – man дядя – uncle

The following nouns are Neuter:

время – time меню – menu имя – name
жюри – jury интервью – interview такси – taxi

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *